Chicago, located on Lake Michigan in Illinois, is one of the largest cities in the United States. It is famous for its bold architecture and features skyscrapers, such as John Hancock’s cult center, 1,451 feet high. Willis Tower (formerly Sears Tower) and the Neo-Gothic Tribune. The city is also famous for its museums, including the Chicago Art Institute, with notable works by its impressionists and later impressionists.
Denver and Salt Lake City have fresh air, and outdoor adventures, San Diego and Miami have fantastic beaches and nightlife, San Francisco and Seattle have great food and incredible minds and a ton of everything in New York. But, in my utterly distorted opinion, none of these cities compare me to the best city in the United States – Chicago, Illinois.
Chicago is home to incredible architecture, a vibrant museum scene, and a multitude of Midwest history. Students experiencing Winds City can see it all. To prove my point about why Chicago is the most expensive city in America, I recently visited the Windy City as a tourist and looked at all the sights from an outsider’s point of view. I went on a Segway tour of Millennium Park, cruised the Chicago River on a guided kayak trip, rented a bike on the shores of Lake Michigan, and tasted the taste of Chicago.
History of Chicago
The history of Chicago begins in 1673. That year, two French, Jacques Marquette, and Louis Joliet arrived in the region. (The name Chicago comes from the term Native American indefinite, Chicagou). However, the French did not populate the region. The first non-indigenous resident to settle in the area was Jean Baptiste, an African American from the Caribbean named Pointe du Sable, who built a home there in 1779. Then, in 1803, the US government created a fort called Fort Dearborn. Sadly, this fort was destroyed during the War of 1812 but was rebuilt in 1816. There is a small settlement in the fort.
In the 1830s, Chicago spread. Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1833, although it had a population of only a few hundred people. However, Chicago was growing, and by 1837 it had a population of 4,000. Chicago was transformed into a city this year.
Chicago flourished in the 1840s, and by 1850, it had a population of 30,000. Over the next decade, he grew at an astonishing rate. By 1860, Chicago had a population of 109,000.
Chicago has also become an American transportation hub. The Illinois and Michigan Canals opened in 1848, and by 1860, 15 rail companies made their last stop in Chicago. The city became famous for packing meat, and in 1865 the Union of Warehouses opened.
By 1870, Chicago had a population of 300,000. However, in 1871, Chicago was destroyed by fire. The Chicago fire broke out in a barn on the evening of October 8. According to the legend, this was since the cow struck the lamp. In any case, the fire spreads from the center of Chicago, where the houses were built of wood, and burned until October 10. About 100,000 people, about a third of the population, were rendered homeless, and about 300 people were killed. Fortunately, the industry survived in Chicago. Chicago was soon rebuilt, and it continued to grow at the end of the 19th century. By 1880, Chicago’s population reached 503,000. He continued to multiply. By 1900, the community was around 1.7 million people.
However, there was a massacre in Haymarket in 1886. In May 1886, there was a strike in Chicago in support of the 8-hour day. On the evening of May 4, a rally was held at the Haymarket Market. Police ordered the protesters to leave, and someone threw a bomb in their line. Police responded to the firing in the crowd. Subsequently, anarchists were surrounded, and eventually, four were hanged.
In July 1894, during a strike on the railway, President Grover Cleveland sent troops to Chicago.
In the last years of the 19th century, Chicago continued to grow at an astounding rate. Meanwhile, in 1884, the world’s first skyscraper, the Home Insurance House, was built. Other famous 19th-century Chicago buildings are the Rookery, built-in 1888 (Frank Lloyd Wright redesigned its lobby in 1905), and the fine arts making built-in 1805. – In 1885. The Columbian World Exhibition was held in Chicago in 1893. She was in Jackson Park.
The architecture of Chicago:
As I mentioned earlier, the entire area where Chicago is being built was once dirty filth. To build the city we see today, engineers actually had to raise the level of Central Chicago. Roads, pavements and buildings were either constructed or physically raised on jacks. From there, part of the largest American architecture was built. Although you do not claim to be familiar with architecture, there are a ton of buildings that can surprise even an inexperienced eye. Just to name a few … Chicago Avenue Pumping Station, Chicago Home Insurance House, Chicago Board of Trade, Marina City, John Hancock Building and Buckingham Fountain.
Interesting Facts About Chicago
In 1900, Chicago successfully changed the course of the Chicago River so that this lake would flow into the Mississippi River instead of Michigan. It was considered an extremely complex and innovative engineering project and was also considered the most extensive public earth project ever. An interesting fact! Today, the Chicago River turns green every year on St. Patrick’s Day!
The first permanent resident in Chicago was a businessman, Jean Baptiste du Sable, an African American now from Haiti.
Chicago has the most extensive collection of imprint paintings outside of Paris. The group is housed at the Art Institute of Chicago. Speaking of art, Chicago is home to over 700 public works and more than 125 art galleries.
Harold Library Center in Washington, home to nearly 6.5 million books, was the world’s most extensive municipal library when it opened in 1991.
Who’s hungry? Chicago has one of the largest outdoor food festivals in the world – Taste of Chicago. The event attracts more than one million visitors every year from all over the world.